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Patient/User has to visit a prosthetist to be fitted with a suitable prosthetic. There are some components in a prosthesis that is custom-made, for instance socket. There are also other parts in the making of a prosthesis that are manufactured in factory and assembled by prosthetist/ technician in order to fulfill patient needs.
Below Knee Prosthetic Leg
Above Knee Prosthetic Leg
Residual limb/stump has to be able to produce powerful and controlled movements that can be transferred to a prosthesis.
Wound care after surgery - To decrease the risk of infection, keep your wound clean and dry or as per the cleaning advice provided by your doctor or nurse. Clean the area surrounding the wound gently with mild soap and water. Do not rub the incision as it may expose to infection before it is totally healed. Check your stump every day and look for any redness or dirt. Wear stump protector whenever you are out of bed. Take good care of your residual limb to prepare for prosthesis fitting.
Elastic bandage / stump shrinker - to prevent/control oedema (swelling of residual limb) and to help create a limb shape that is suitable for prosthesis fitting. Rewrap it every 2 to 4 hours.
Physiotherapy/ Exercise - Practice exercises to maintain the muscle strength and joint range of motion to be able to move the prosthesis. Patient’s standing balance is also trained so they can adopt well after prosthesis fitting.
Potential condition/problem of residual limb after wearing prosthetic leg
Abrasions – rubbing between prosthesis and skin. It may cause or form blisters / raw skin surfaces.
Skin Infection – pus-filled infection with a core of dead tissue. It usually occurs around hair root. Medical care may be required before prosthesis is fitted.
Bone spurs – Bone outgrowths.
Bursa – Sac filled with thick fluid that lies under the skin and over bony prominence.
Process Of Making A Prosthetic Limb